The global potential of the Internet of Things (IoT) is enormous. In order for the IoT to succeed, we must be able to manage the opportunities and risks associated with protecting IoT privacy and security while enabling innovation. Within IGF, the IoT Dynamic Coalition has been active proposing a global framework for the IoT.
Following the DC IoT meeting during the IGF in Istanbul in 2014 and João Pessoa in 2015, we came to the conclusion that in order to foster both innovation and user trust in the Internet of Things, like the Internet, a careful balance should be struck between regulation and innovation. Consequently, we have started to explore what voluntary principles we should embrace to ensure that innovative and beneficial IoT applications can foster growth and at the same time society is comfortable with the way these products and services.
We came to understand that the way forward is to be found in taking ethical considerations into account from the outset, both in the development, deployment and use phases of the life cycle, thus to find a sustainable way ahead. This has resulted in a draft Statement that was presented and discussed during the IGF in Joao Pessoa in 2015. This panel will continue this discussion and discuss the many elements of IoT, such as privacy, security, and safety, as well as addressing societal challenges and raising general awareness around these issues.
For more information on the global IGF’s Dynamic Coalition on the Internet of Things, click here.
Co-Founder, The Providence Group
Dan is an internationally recognized expert on privacy and cybersecurity. He has served as the Chief Privacy Officer and Deputy Assistant Secretary at the Commerce Department, a transatlantic subject matter expert for the European Commission’s Internet of Things formal expert group, a Chief of Staff for a Federal Trade Commission Commissioner and a member of the Department of Homeland Security Data Privacy and Integrity Advisory Committee. In 2002, Dan was a representative for the United States delegation revising the OECD Security Guidelines that formed the basis for the first White House Strategy to Secure Cyberspace.
Vice President-Global Public Policy, AT&TJeff Brueggeman is Vice President-Public Policy and Deputy Chief Privacy Officer for AT&T. In this role, he is responsible for developing and coordinating AT&T’s public policy positions on privacy, cybersecurity and Internet issues. Jeff leads the team that manages AT&T’s privacy policies and provides guidance on data privacy and security issues. He supports AT&T’s business in the operation of its global Internet network and deployment of cloud computing and other emerging services. Jeff participates in a wide range of legislative, regulatory and policy development proceedings involving privacy, cybersecurity and Internet issues. In addition, he represents AT&T in various international events and organizations related to Internet governance, including the Internet Governance Forum and ICANN. For the past four years, Jeff has been an active participant in a wide range of Internet governance activities, including the UN Public Consultation on Enhanced Cooperation, the East Africa IGF and the ICANN Security, Stability and Resiliency Review Team. Prior to joining AT&T, Jeff worked as a telecommunications attorney in private practice. He holds a law degree from the University of Virginia School of Law and a B.A. degree in Journalism from the University of Minnesota.
Director of Digital Economy, US Commerce DepartmentAlan Davidson is the first Director of Digital Economy at the U.S. Department of Commerce and Senior Advisor to the Secretary of Commerce. Prior to joining the department, Alan was director of the Open Technology Institute at the New America Foundation in Washington, D.C. He also was a Research Affiliate at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL), where he was a co-founder of the new MIT Information Policy Project and a Fellow at the Sloan School’s Center for Digital Business. Until 2012, Alan was the Director of Public Policy for Google in the Americas. He opened Google's Washington, D.C. office in 2005, and led the company’s public policy and government relations efforts in North and South America.
Michelle De Mooy
Acting Director, Privacy and Data Project, CDTMichelle De Mooy is Deputy Director, Privacy and Data Project at the Center for Democracy & Technology. She advocates for data privacy rights and protections in legislation and regulation, works closely with industry and other stakeholders to investigate good data practices and controls, as well as identifying and researching emerging technology that impacts personal privacy. She leads CDT’s health privacy work, chairing the Health Privacy Working Group and focusing on the intersection between individual privacy, health information and technology. Michelle’s current research is focused on ethical and privacy-aware internal research and development in wearables, the application of data analytics to health information found on non-traditional platforms, like social media, and the growing market for genetic data. She has testified before Congress on health policy, spoken about native advertising at the Federal Trade Commission, and written about employee wellness programs for US News & World Report’s “Policy Dose” blog. Michelle is a frequent media contributor, appearing in the New York Times, the Guardian, the Wall Street Journal, Vice, and the Los Angeles Times, as well as on The Today Show, Voice of America, and Government Matters TV programs. Before CDT, Michelle worked as a political campaign consultant for M+R Strategic Services, as a development and communications director at a capacity building organization aimed at nonprofits, and in the tech sector in product management and software engineering.
Technology and Civil Liberties Policy Analyst, Niskanen CenterRyan Hagemann is the technology and civil liberties policy analyst at the Niskanen Center. His research specialties include privacy and surveillance, robotics and automation, decentralized networks, Internet policy, and issues at the intersection of sociology, economics, and technology. He has previously authored works on the economic and social ramifications of autonomous vehicles with the Mercatus Center. He maintains an adjunct fellowship with TechFreedom, a libertarian nonprofit dedicated to advancing online freedom. He graduated from Boston University with a B.A. in International Relations, Foreign Policy and Security Studies and holds a Master of Public Policy in Science and Technology Policy from George Mason University.
President and CEO, ITIDean Garfield is the President and CEO of ITI, the global voice of the tech sector. Under Dean’s leadership, ITI has defined the tech agenda for global policymakers, expanded its membership and influence, and launched a foundation that serves as the preeminent thought leader on innovation. Prior to joining ITI, Dean served in leadership positions for both the MPAA and RIAA. Dean serves on the boards of College for Every Student, the SEED School of Washington, D.C. and serves as the Board President of Aiden Montessori School. He received a joint degree from New York University School of Law and the Woodrow Wilson School of Public Administration and International Affairs at Princeton University.
– As part of IGF, we have an Internet of Things dynamic coalition that brings together stakeholders from all over the world. We created the IoT DC in 2008. At Joao Paseo during IGF 2015, we discussed a set of global best practices for the IoT recognizing an ecosystem of connected devices representing the future of the Internet itself. A careful balance must be struck between regulation and innovation; protecting privacy and security and enabling innovation. We face a large number of social benefits and challenges but it is important to stipulate that the IoT is still in its infancy and it is still evolving rapidly.
– The goal of our panel today is to have a discussion on how we can build global trust in the internet of things, recognize the benefits and challenges that new technologies bring us, and to realize that the technology, while extremely exciting, itself is agnostic. When we have this discussion in the context of IGF, we must take a global approach.
o We are very excited about the IoT and its potential
o On some level, this has always existed (exactly why it’s so difficult to understand now)
o Things are really different in its scale and scope, with 3B people online, with 4X that number of devices connected
o The scope is also part of what’s interesting
♣ There are so many different devices involved, the economics of it are breathtaking.
♣ Literally trillions of dollars of additional GDP coming from the IoT
o We see huge opportunity and economic growth
o The industrial IoT can help with productivity and supply chain dynamics
♣ With those huge opportunities come important questions
♣ Spectrum Usage
– What are we doing about it?
o We’ve issued a request for comment.
o We’re holding a workshop and issuing a report in the fall to talk about our findings.
o What are the benefits, what are the challenges, and what’s the appropriate role of government?
o How do we incentivize innovation here?
o Recognition the IoT is global
There are a lot of benefits and challenges that we need to deal with involving the IoT, but it represents a huge opportunity the US economy. Therefore, the US Dept. of Commerce welcomes any and all opinions on this matter. We need to have collaboration with the private sector and civil society to achieve the potential of the IoT.
o There are a lot of emerging parts of the internet of things that are posing some difficult questions
– Health & Internet of Things
♣ Map their internal research & Development
• Especially for startups, the data that flows is the gasoline that fuels this entire piece of software and environment
• Impacts how the company moves forward
• We spent a year and a half working with Fitbit
• Key Issues,
a. Individual Dignity & Ethics
i. A lot of privacy questions are becoming subjective to ethics
ii. Important principle about consent, how to ask for information
b. Data Stewardship
i. This is important because we need companies to see themselves as active participants in this conversation that we’re having globally and that they have responsibilities
1. Allowing data access
a. In the health space, you also need to make it available to people
2. Companies need to have formal policies for sustainable practices
a. Pivot Points
i. Ask more questions, that we helped to come up with a rubric
b. Social good
Identifies the various projects that CDT has been working on in the past year, with a focus on their partnership with Fitbit, and the results of those findings.
♣ Connecting human minds to one another = Internet 1.0
♣ The evolution of that system was to link that connection to the physical world = 2.0
♣ Makes sense to have a certain sense of continuity with government policy
♣ Recommend NTIA create a US Strategy for the IoT using the 1997 Clinton Administration Framework for Global Electronic Commerce
• Coordinate US strategy for the IoT
• How should the government approach regulation?
o Private sector should lead
o Government should support a simplistic, productive, legal environment
o Government should avoid burdensome regulations on this
• Consumer trust is invaluable
♣ IoT does not present a fundamentally new or different issue
o The IoT will be completely transformative, NOT slowing down, IoT will blow that perception away
o Next iteration of humanity will be changed by the IoT
o Industries that we can’t even imagine that will be created.
o This is an opportunity to improve on the internet in ways that we couldn’t contemplate because of what the internet has come to be
o Opportunity to overcome digital divides
o It was a fairly exclusive group of people that defined the internet when it first arrived
o Not true for the IoT
o We need to create an IoT that is INCLUSIVE BY DESIGN. The IoT produces near constant data on people. The IoT will produce data on all of us, providing a comprehensive view on the human race. The IoT is an opportunity to make innovation truly reflective in a way that represents inclusiveness.
– Applaud IGF for taking on this issue
– AT&T has a very broad perspective on the IoT
o We estimate that we have over 50 million devices connected to the internet of things
o We are at the tip of the iceberg here
o The IoT, including the Industrial IoT, is a vastly diverse set of technologies and devices (Cars, Shipping, Medical, Energy, Agriculture, Cities)
o You can’t have a one size fits all solution with this
o There are going to be a lot of IoT related things that won’t raise privacy concerns
o We have a lot of devices connecting to the network
♣ We need to do a lot more to connect throughout the ecosystem
♣ Dept. of Commerce has an opportunity to examine these issues in a horizontal way